On July 4, 1874 at the Eleventh Annual Gathering of the St. Andrews and Caledonian Society in Victoria, there were many games played including quoits. Here is a notice that was posted back in the day:
Quoiting Match to be played according to the Scotch rules: 21 yards distance, clay beds, pin-head level with surface of clay; quoit or quoits nearest the pinhead to count. Competitors must provide their own quoits.
In his book, Sports and Pastimes of the People of England by Joseph Strutt(1876), he writes:
The quoit seems evidently to have derived its origin from the ancient discus, and with us in the present day it is a circular plate of iron perforated in the middle, not always of one size, but larger or smaller to suit the strength or conveniency of the several candidates. It is further to be observed, that quoits are not only made of different magnitudes to suit the poise of the players, but sometimes the marks are placed at extravagant distances, so as to require great strength to throw the quoit home; this, however, is contrary to the general rule, and depends upon the caprice of the parties engaged in the contest…
Formerly in the country, the rustics not having the round perforated quoits to play with, used horseshoes, and in many places the quoit itself, to this day, is called a shoe.
To play at this game, an iron pin, called a hob, was driven into the ground, within a few inches of the top; and at the distance of eighteen, twenty, or more yards, a second pin of iron was placed in the ground like the first.
Quoits were pitched ‘from one to the other’. Should the pin ‘threat the quoit’, it counted two. Players selected a pair of quoits of any weight at the outset, which they had to use for the entire game. Play was between individuals or in pairs. Eventually rules for the game changed with the introduction of clay beds and standardized distances.