Robert Burns McMicking was born on July 7, 1843 in Canada West. The McMickings were a long established family descended from United Empire Loyalists. His grandfather had received land near Queenston for services rendered during the War of 1812.
At the age of 13, Robert was hired by the Montreal Telegraph Company.
Six years later, when news arrived of the Cariboo gold rush, Robert and his brother Thomas decided to head west with several others using the now famous overland route. The party of Overlanders arrived in the Cariboo in September of 1862 after a five month harrowing journey, later recounted by his brother Thomas for the British Columbian newspaper. Three men died along the way and horses and oxen perished.
Some of the Overlanders went to seek their fortune in the Cariboo goldfields while others, including the McMickings, worked for a short time on the Cariboo Wagon Road, earning enough money to get them to New Westminster.
In 1865, the Collins Overland Telegraph Company had just installed a telegraph cable from New Westminster to Barkerville. There were telegraph stations at various intervals along the Cariboo Wagon Road, including ones at Clinton, 83 mile house, Soda Creek, Quesnel and at Barkerville. The company was looking for telegraphers and Robert McMicking was hired.
In 1870, after Collins Overland Telegraph was taken over by the Western Union Telegraph Services, McMicking was promoted to the head of the company and moved to Victoria. Ten years later he started the Victoria and Esquimalt Telephone Company in 1880 and worked to have telephone services in Victoria. He also played an important role in bringing electric lighting to that town.